Below are a series of photos illustrating the types of instruments that were
used, how the instruments were deployed, and the nature of the activities
at the "LARSE headquarters" in a Glendora Warehouse.
Principal Investigator Gary Fuis (U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park) explains the LARSE to volunteers from local colleges.
Principal Investigator David Okaya (USC and SCEC)
organizing activities at the Glendora facility.
SGR instruments from Stanford University are prepared
by Michelle Robertson (USC) and Janice Murphy (USGS).
REFTEK instruments and seismometers are checked in at the Glendora facility.
Aaron Martin (UC Santa Barbara) supervises the downloading of data.
The blue box holds a Canadian EDA instrument; the tops of three seismometers (shown
below) are visible in the box to the right.
This metal cylinder houses a three-component seismometer
used with the Canadian EDA instruments.
These orange geophones were another type of "seismometer" hooked up to
recording instruments such as the SGR's (shown below). At times it could be quite challenging to untangle the cables as Michael Forrest (USC)
is demonstrating here.
These SGR's from Stanford University, were yet another type of instrument
deployed to record the arrival of seismic waves from the land explosions.
These instruments record the data to a internal tape.
External GPS (Global Positioning Satellite) clocks were
hooked up to REFTEK recording devices in order to keep
accurate times for determining the arrivals of seismic
waves at the recording stations.
Hundreds of batteries were required to provide power to the
deployed out in the field. (Sergio Chavez (University of Nevada
at Reno) makes sure that the batteries are recharged)
Alan Walter deploys a REFTEK instrument at the Seal Beach Weapons station. An external GPS, a REFTEK, and a battery are evident. The buried cable and seismometer lie to the right of his feet. Nuclear weapons are stored in the bunker behind him.
Many instruments had to be hand carried into sites not accessible
Here instruments are being packed into the Vincent Gap in the San Gabriel
Mountains. The blue instrument is an EDA, the white one is an SGR.
Installing a REFTEK in the San Gabriel Mountains. These
stations were camouflaged and often buried. Occasionally they were so
well hidden that they were later quite difficult to find again.
A view of the R/V Ewing showing the 8000+ cubic inch airgun sources mounted on the back of the ship. Individual airgun busts from these sources could be seen at stations 200 km away.
During the land portion of LARSE, 63 explosions were set off at various locations along a line extending from Seal Beach over the San Gabriel Mountains and into the Mojave Desert at Harper Lake.
A "pre-explosion" shot casing.
A "post-explosion" shot casing.
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